Datapoint Haitian Creole/Focus particle ‘also’

In the construction under Value 4, the adverb is reduplicated and there is a combination of adjacency and non-adjacency. (There are other cases of reduplication of adverbs in Haitian Creole. Cf. in the Atlas linguistique d’Haïti (Fattier 1998): Avan m al nan bouk la m ap sèkle avan
[before 1SG go PREP market town 1SG FUT hoe before]
'Before I go to the market town, I will hoe.')

Values

After the focused element Frequency: 50.0%

Example 49-328:
Yo arete l tou.
Yo
3pl
arete
arrest
l
3sg
tou.
also
They have stopped/arrested her, too.
French: Ils l'ont aussi arrêtée.

Source: Fattier 1998: vol. 6, 268

Example 49-329:
Yo arete ti danm nan tou.
Yo
3pl
arete
arrest
ti
small
danm
lady
nan
def
tou.
also
They have also stopped/arrested the young lady.
French: Ils ont également arrêté la petite dame.

Source: Fattier 1998: vol. 6, p. 2175

Example 49-332:
M tou arete l.
M
1sg
tou
also
arete
stop
l.
3sg
I, too, have stopped him.
French: Je l'ai arrêté moi aussi.
Example 49-327:
Tout moun pral nan sinema, mwen menm tou m ap soti.
Tout
every
moun
person
pral
go
nan
to
sinema,
cinema
mwen
I
menm
self
tou
too
m
1sg
ap
inacc
soti.
go.out
Everyone is going to the movie theatre, I will go out, too.
French: Tout le monde va au cinéma, moi aussi je vais sortir.

Source: Fattier 1998: 949

Example 49-330:
Yo tou arete m tou.
Yo
3pl
tou
immediately
arete
arrest
m
1sg
tou.
also
They arrested me, too (in addition to arresting others), right away.
French: Ils m'ont également arrêté.

Source: Fattier 1998: vol. 6, p. 268

Example 49-331:
Yo tou arete l tou.
Yo
3pl
tou
immediately
arete
arrest
l
3sg
tou.
also
They arrested him/her, too (in addition to arresting others), right away.
French: Ils l'ont également arrêté.

Source: Fattier 1998: vol. 6, p. 268

Confidence:
Very certain

Non-adjacent following Frequency: 50.0%

Example 49-326:
Tout moun pral nan sinema, m prale tou.
Tout
every
moun
person
pral
go
nan
prep
sinema,
cinema
m
1sg
prale
go
tou.
too
Everyone goes to the movie theatre; I go there, too.
French: Tout le monde va au cinéma, j'y vais aussi.

Source: Fattier 1998: 949

Confidence:
Very certain