106 Focus particle ‘also’

This feature is described more fully in chapter 106.


This feature is about the position of a particle that corresponds to the English also or too. The focus particle indicates that its referent is added to a previously mentioned set of referents. The effect of such particles is to focus on a certain constituent, normally a noun phrase or adverbial phrase. (Focus on verbs involves additional complexity and is disregarded in this feature.) For example: John and Lea came to my party; Mary too came. Here Mary is the focused element.


Martin Haspelmath, Susanne Maria Michaelis and the APiCS Consortium


Before the focused element1910
After the focused element392968
Non-adjacent preceding055
Non-adjacent following42125

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details