Hawai‘i Creole is the mother tongue of about 600,000 speakers, i.e. roughly half of the population, on the islands of Hawai‘i, which are located in the Pacific Ocean. An additional 100,000 (approximately) can be found on the US mainland, primarily on the West Coast, in Las Vegas (Nevada) and Orlando (Florida). It is used widely on all islands in all informal situations, both at home and in the work place. While it is primarily used as an oral language, literature (fiction, drama, poetry) in Hawai‘i Creole has been published for many decades. Hawai’i Creole is not a recognized language and is generally seen as an obstacle for advancement, although the language is now slowly gaining acceptance thanks to targeted awareness programs. The default lect documented in APiCS is naturalistic speech by adults between the ages 22 and 95 at the time of recording, all belonging to the working or lower middle class social strata.
|trill, tap or flap||r||ɾ|
|Exists (as a major allophone)|
|Exists only as a minor allophone|
|Exists only in loanwords|
|Does not exist|