Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Comitatives and instrumentals

The comitative and instrumental function are both expressed by a Gurindji-derived suffix -yawung/-jawung, and occasionally a Kriol-derived preposition gat/garram.

Values

Identity

Example 72-102:
I bin hiya na nyanuny Mamiyawung.
I
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
hiya
here
na
foc
nyanuny
3sg.dat
Mami-yawung.
mother-com
She's here with her mother.

Source: ACLA database 2003-2006

Example 72-103:
An kengkaru i bin kilim kurrupartuyawung dat karungku.
An
and
kengkaru
kangaroo
i
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
ki-lim
hit-tr
kurrupartu-yawung
boomerang-ins
det
det
karu-ngku.
child-erg
And the child hit the kangaroo with a boomerang.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Example 72-104:
Dei bin luk det ngakparn gat nyanuny femli.
Dei
3pl.sbj
bin
pst
luk
see
det
the
ngakparn
frog
gat
com
nyanuny
3sg.dat
femli.
family
They saw the frog with his family.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Example 72-105:
Dat karungku i bin jayijayi im dat kengkaru gat spiya.
Dat
the
karu-ngku
child-erg
i
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
jayijayi
chase
im
3sg.obj
dat
the
kengkaru
kangaroo
gat
with
spiya.
spear
The kid chased the kangaroo with a spear.

Source: Gurindji Kriol database 2003-2006

Confidence:
Very certain