Datapoint Chinese Pidgin Russian/Comitatives and instrumentals

Values

Differentiation

Example 65-109:
Сорок дивята его кампани там живи.
Sorok diviata iwo kampani tam ʒiwi.
Sorok
forty
diviata
ninth
iwo
3sg
kampani
company
tam
there
ʒiwi.
live
I lived with her since 1949.

Source: Perekhvalskaya 2008: 273-274

Example 65-106:
нада кушай маленька рюмка, нимношка налей.
Nada kuʃaj malen'li riumka, nimnoʃka nalej.
Nada
must
kuʃaj
eat
malen'li
small
riumka,
glass
nimnoʃka
a.little
nalej.
pour
One should take it with a small glass of wine, just a little bit.

Source: Perekhvalskaya 2008: 267

Example 65-13:
Потом его лодка ходи, я компания ходи.
Potom iwo lotka xadi, ja kampaniə hadi.
Potom
then
iwo
3sg
lotka
boat
xadi,
go
ja
1sg
kampaniə
company
hadi.
go
Then he went <hunting> from a boat, he went with me.

Source: Perekhvalskaya 2008: 235

Example 65-46:
Нáша ивó ганьбáнди лаобóдай.
Naʃa iwo gaɲbandi laobodaj.
Naʃa
1pl
iwo
3sg
gaɲbandi
company
laobodaj.
work
We work together with him.

Source: Shprintsyn 1968: 89

Confidence:
Very certain