Structure dataset 65: Chinese Pidgin Russian

This language is described more fully in survey chapter 65.

Chinese Pidgin Russian has been extinct for several decades. The default lect that is described in APiCS is based on written sources; it was typical for speakers recorded in the 1980s. Some senior (over 70 years old) representatives of Siberian minorities can still be considered semi-speakers of Chinese Pidgin Russian, but they live in a Russian-speaking milieu, so their Pidgin is influenced by Standard Russian; it is referred to as the depidginized lect. The number of Pidgin semi-speakers is probably about 30 people now.

No. Feature Value lect Details Source
No. Feature Value lect Details Source


Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
Retroflex Alveolo-
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p  b t  d k  g q
Sibilant affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ
Non-sibilant fricative ɸ β v x χ
Approximant l j
Flap or tap ɾ
Trill r
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open ihigh front unrounded vowel uhigh back rounded vowel ɯhigh back unrounded vowel ehigher mid front unrounded vowel ohigher mid back rounded vowel əmid central unrounded vowel alow central unrounded vowel

Special segments

Other segments
 w  voiced labial-velar glide


       Exists (as a major allophone)
       Exists only as a minor allophone
       Exists only in loanwords
No. Feature Value lect Details Source