Datapoint Papiamentu/Negative morpheme types

Preverbal no is the standard negator. Negative spread or negative chain formation takes place where indefinite quantifiers appear within the scope of negation. In other words, such quantifiers appear as negatives without negative force: they merely contribute quantificational force to the interpretation of the sentence and not their negative meaning.

Values

Negative particle

Example 47-205:
Mi no a bishitá e kapital di Perú nunka.
Mi
1sg
no
neg
a
pfv
bishitá
visit
e
def
kapital
capital
di
of
Perú
Peru
nunka.
never
I have never visited the capital of Peru.
Dutch: Ik heb de hoofdstad van Peru nooit bezocht.

Source: Muller 1989b: 90

Example 47-111:
Ni Antonio ni Maria no ta na kas.
Ni
neither
Antonio
Antonio
ni
nor
Maria
Maria
no
neg
ta
cop
na
loc
kas.
house
Neither Antonio nor Maria are home.

Source: Maduro 1971: 47

Example 47-206:
Ningun di nan no a laga nada lòs tokante nan plan.
Ningun
no.one
di
of
nan
3pl
no
neg
a
pfv
laga
let
nada
nothing
lòs
loose
tokante
about
nan
3pl
plan.
plan
Not one of them has revealed anything about their plan.

Source: Extra: 20 June 2009, p.7

Confidence:
Very certain