Datapoint Cape Verdean Creole of Santiago/Position of standard negation

The negative particle ka precedes the verb. If the verb is preceded by (a) TAM marker(s), ka is placed in front of them/it. There is only one exception: The negative particle follows the copula ê (in its unmarked form).

Values

Before the verb Frequency: 75.0%

Example 30-210:
Odja, mi N ka kre pa bu toka di noti.
Odja,
look
mi
1sg.indp
N=ka=kre
1sg.dep=neg=want
pa=bu=toka
for=2sg=play
di=noti.
of=night
Listen, I don’t like you to play at night.

Source: da Silva 1987: 134

Example 30-212:
Kusa bunitu sima kel inda N ka odja na mundu!
Kusa
thing
bunitu
nice
sima
as
kel
dem.sg
inda
up.to.now
N=ka=odja
1sg=neg=see
na=mundu!
in=world
I've never seen such a nice thing in the world!
German: So etwas Schönes habe ich noch nie auf der Welt gesehen.

Source: da Silva 1987: 312

Confidence:
Certain

Immediately after the verb Frequency: 25.0%

Example 30-211:
Rui ê ka nos amigu so aparenti, el ê nos amigu dimedivéra.
Rui
Rui
ê
be
ka
neg
nos=amigu
our=friend
so
only
aparenti,
seemingly
el
3sg
ê
be
nos=amigu
our=friend
dimedivéra.
really
Rui not only seems to be our friend, he really is our friend.

Source: Lang 2002: s.v. aparenti

Confidence:
Certain