101 Position of standard negation

This feature is described more fully in chapter 101.


Standard negation refers to the negative marker that is used for sentential negation in declarative main clauses (i.e. constituent negation, negation in subordinate clauses and in imperatives or questions is disregarded for this feature). We ask where the negative marker is located with respect to the main verb (auxiliaries and copulas are ignored for this feature). It does not matter whether the negative marker is a free word (=particle) or an affix.

(WALS 2013 has a closely related feature, feature 144A, "Position of negative word with respect to subject, object, and verb", by Matthew S. Dryer).


Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium


Before the verb57865
Immediately after the verb257
After verb plus postverbal object527
Bipartite, before verb and immediately after011
Bipartite, before verb and after object314
Bipartite, other possibilities101

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details