Datapoint Hawai‘i Creole/Tense-aspect systems

Values

Mixed aspectual-temporal system

Example 26-3:
dis waɾɛva spɹiʔ wɛn ʤamp intu dis wan gaɪ [...] dis mis was ʧokiŋ diz gaɪz nɛk
dis
dem
waɾɛva
whatever
spɹiʔ
spirit
wɛn
pst.pfv
ʤamp
jump
intu
into
dis
dem
wan
one
gaɪ
guy
[...]
[...]
dis
dem
mis
mist
was
cop.pst
ʧoki-ŋ
choke-prog
diz
dem
gaɪ-z
guy-gen
nɛk
neck
This whatever spirit jumped into this one guy [...] this mist was choking this guy's neck.

Source: Velupillai 2003a: 48

Example 26-58:
a kud fɛo sambadi waz aɹaʊn; wɛn jɛo ma neɪm
a
1sg
kud
could
fɛo
feel
sambadi
indf
waz
cop.pst
aɹaʊn;
around
wɛn
pst.pfv
jɛo
yell
ma
1sg.poss
neɪm
name
I could feel somebody was around. It yelled my name.

Source: Velupillai 2003a: 72

Example 26-18:
hi tol mi
hi
3sg.m
tol
said
mi
1sg.obl
he said to me

Source: Velupillai 2003a: 47

Example 26-56:
ðɛ pipo kɹain dæ deɪ laɪg deɪ neɪʃɛn bæg
ðɛ
art
pipo
people
kɹa-in
cry-prog
that
deɪ
3pl
laɪg
desid
deɪ
3pl.poss
neɪʃɛn
nation
bæg
back
People are shouting that they want their nation back.

Source: Velupillai 2003a: 90

Example 26-59:
wɛn aɪ fə˞s staɾɛd tu wə˞k
wɛn
when
1sg
fə˞s
first
staɾ-ɛd
start-pst
tu
to
wə˞k
work
when I first started to work

Source: Velupillai 2003a: 96

Confidence:
Very certain