26 Functions of reduplication

Description

Here we ask what semantic-grammatical functions productive reduplication can have in the language. Reduplication differs from word repetition (”very very very good”, “yes, yes, yes!”, “he worked and worked and worked”) in that it is strictly grammatically determined. Reduplication may be total (e.g. Principense dôsu dôsu ‘two each’) or partial (dô-dôsu); these two cases are not distinguished here. The semantic-grammatical functions of reduplication are grouped into three classes: iconic (intensitiy, iteration, plurality, distributivity), attenuating (i.e. to a reduced degree), and word-class-changing.

Author

Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium

Values

No reduplication10
Only iconic functions43
Attenuating function7
Word-class-changing function9
Attenuating and word-class-changing function7
Representation:76

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details