Datapoint Michif/Position of standard negation

The negative markers namu(ya), noo and eeka always precede the verb, but other elements, such as an NP, may intervene between the negative marker and the verb.

Both French and Cree negative markers are used.

When Cree negative markers are used, they follow the Cree pattern and use distinct forms for imperative sentences, main clauses and subordinate clauses.

In copula sentences and sentences with the French verb meaning 'to have', the French negator pa is used; pa(t) follows the verb/copula. In noun phrases it follows the noun.

Values

Before the verb Frequency: 70.0%

Example 75-241:
Shuushkwachiku giiwiistamawaaw noo eewiiawihak larzhawn.
Shuushkwachiku
directly
gii-wiistamaw-aaw
1.pst-tell-3sg.obj
noo
neg
ee-wii-awih-ak
comp-desid-lend-1sg.sbj.3.obj
larzhawn.
money
I told him directly I wouldn't lend him money.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 234

Example 75-50:
Namo kakiiituhtew wiya.
Namo
neg
kakii-ituhte-w
able-go-3sg
wiya.
3sg
She was not able to go.

Source: Fleury 2007

Confidence:
Very certain

Immediately after the verb Frequency: 30.0%

Example 75-254:
Diluu ili pa kleer.
Diluu
water
ili
cop
pa
neg
kleer.
clear
The water is not clear. OR: The water is filmy.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 95

Example 75-256:
Iyonve pat telefoon ekoshpi.
Iyonve
3pl.have.pst
pat
neg
telefoon
telephone
ekoshpi.
then
At that time they did not have telephones.

Source: Fleury 2007

Confidence:
Very certain