Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Passive constructions

Gurindji Kriol also derives a get-passive structure from Kriol, but with some Gurindji
innovations. In these structures, the verb form and clausal case structure changes. First
the auxiliary verb ged (< get) is added and the transitive marker is lost from the main
verb. For example, in Example 142, baitim becomes ged bait. Secondly the patient is moved into subject position and the agent becomes an adjunct. The agent loses ergative case marking and acquires ablative case instead. The Kriol brom preposition may be used instead of the ablative marker. It is not clear whether it is possible to derive passive clauses using Gurindji-derived verbs.

Values

Typical passive construction

Example 72-142:
Man i bin ged bait warlakunginyi wartanta.
Man
man
i
3sg.sbj
bin
pst
ged
get
bait
bite
warlaku-nginyi
dog-abl
wartan-ta.
hand-loc
The man got bitten by a dog on the hand.

Source: Meakins 2007: 433

Example 72-143:
Wan marluka im ged bait brom wan warlaku futtarni.
Wan
one
marluka
old.man
im
3sg
ged
get
bait
bite
brom
from
wan
one
warlaku
dog
fut-ta-rni.
foot-loc-only
One old man got bitten by a dog right on the foot.

Source: Meakins 2007: 433

Confidence:
Very certain