Datapoint Juba Arabic/The prohibitive

In Juba Arabic, the prohibitive is expressed by means of two special negative markers: máta [PROH.SG], mátakum [PROH.PL] which resulted from the grammaticalization of the negative sentences ma íta [NEG 2SG] and ma ítakum [NEG 2PL].

Values

Normal imperative construction and special negator

Example 64-117:
máta bíga zalán
máta
proh.sg
bíga
become
zalán
angry
Don’t be angry!

Source: Tosco 1995: 428

Example 64-118:
rúwa
rúwa
go
Go!

Source: Manfredi 2005: 162

Example 64-84:
kan úo ma tála bára úmon kan ma biligó úo
kan
cond
úo
3sg
ma
neg
tála
go.out
bára
outside
úmon
3pl
kan
ant
ma
neg
bi=ligó
irr=find
úo
3sg
If he hadn’t come out into the open, they wouldn’t have found him.

Source: Manfredi 2005: 171

Confidence:
Very certain