Datapoint Sango/The prohibitive

Although it is possible to make a prohibition by negating a simple predication, there is a special way with the construction zia [...] [NEG], as in Examples 174 and 177.

I don't think zia should have its own value. There must be something about this verb that has yet to be analyzed. It might also be a frozen borrowing from another language.

Values

Normal imperative construction and normal negator

Example 59-174:
meem lo mu na ala nyama, ala zaa ti te ye ni ape
meem
even.if
lo
3sg
mu
give
na
prep
ala
2pl
nyama,
meat
ala
2pl
zia
leave
ti
of
te
eat
ye
thing
ni
det
ape
neg
Even if he gives you (singular) meat, don't eat it.

Source: Samarin 2007

Example 59-175:
to lo mu a mo nyama, mo te ape
tongana
if
lo
3sg
mu
give
na
prep
mo
2sg
nyama,
meat
mo
2sg
te
eat
ape
neg
If he gives you meat, don't eat it.
Example 59-176:
mo te kasa ni mingi ape
mo
2sg
te
eat
kasa
stew
ni
det
mingi
much
ape
neg
Don't eat much of the stew.
Example 59-177:
ma za ti te kasa na ape
mo
2sg
zia
leave
ti
to
te
eat
kasa
stew
ni
def
ape
neg
Don't eat the stew.
Example 59-178:
lango agbu le ti kogara na ape
lango
sleep
a-gbu
pm-seize
le
eye
ti
of
kogara
in-law
ni
def
ape
neg
The mother-in-law didn't become sleepy.
Example 59-153:
[...], mo teen', baa, mo nyon' samba ape o
[...],
[...]
mo
2sg
tene,
say
baa,
see
mo
2sg
nyon'
drink
samba
beer
ape
neg
o
def
(When he offers you beer), say, "Look, I don't drink beer, thank you."
Confidence:
Very certain