Datapoint Creolese/Marking of patient noun phrases

Regular Creolese does not have patient marking of NPs. However, Archaic Creolese spoken by people of South Asian origin does show the marker -am being used as a patient marker, as in Example 94.

Values

No marking of patient NPs

Example 5-95:
wel ii a piil kookno(t)
wel
well
ii
3sg
a
prog
piil
peel
kookno(t)
coconut
Well he was peeling coconuts.

Source: Rickford 1987: 130

Example 5-94:
lang taim gat am dangkii kyaat, nou yu gat am mootoo kyaar
lang
long
taim
time
gat
have
am
PATIENT
dangkii
donkey
kyaat,
cart
nou
now
yu
you
gat
have
am
PATIENT
mootoo
motor
kyaar
car
Long ago you had a donkey cart and now you have a motor car.

Source: Dolphin 1996: 66

Confidence:
Very certain