lang taim gat am dangkii kyaat, nou yu gat am mootoo kyaar
Long ago you had a donkey cart and now you have a motor car.
Regular Creolese does not have patient marking of NPs. However, Archaic Creolese spoken by people of South Asian origin does show the marker -am being used as a transitive verb marker. There is no context that we can find with the data available that would allow us to distinguish between -am as a transitive verb marker, which is the way it has been described in Devonish (1978) and Rickford (1987), from a patient marker. For purposes of APICS, we have, therefore, listed it as a patient marker.