Datapoint Creolese/Vocative markers

The preceding vocative marker is perhaps the most common form used in modern Creolese. In its usage, it might be designated a 'proximal vocative' because it tends to be used for people who are within sight of the caller. There is a following vocative marker as well. This is the one which is traditional and still in use, though largely regarded as old-fashioned. It is different from the preceding vocative in that it is used to call to people who are out of sight, as, for example, inside a house or behind a clump of trees. We might deem this a 'distal vocative'.

Values

Optional vocative marker in both positions

Example 5-179:
eey baai
eey
voc
baai
boy
You, boy!
Example 5-178:
Nenen Jeenii oo?
Nenen
Nenen
Jeenii
Jeenii
oo?
voc
Nenen Jeenii (where are you) ?
Confidence:
Certain