Datapoint Haitian Creole/Special dependent person forms for subject and object

Independent personal pronouns are stressed and never have a reduced form (mwen, wou, li, nou, nou, yo). Dependent personal pronouns may have a reduced form (m, w, l, n, n, y).

Values

Dependent subject and object forms

Example 49-41:
Mwen vini, m achte liv la, Jan wè m, Jan remèt mwen liv la.
Mwen
1sg
vini,
come
m
1sg
achte
buy
liv
book
la,
def
Jan
Jean
see
m,
1sg
Jan
Jean
remèt
hand.over
mwen
1sg
liv
book
la.
def
I came, I bought the book, Jean saw me, Jean handed me the book over.
French: Je suis venu, j'ai acheté le livre, Jean m'a vu, Jean m'a remis le livre.

Source: Cadely 1995: 10

Example 49-38:
Se pou ou manje sa a. — Se pou wou manje sa a.
Se
hl
pou
for
ou
2sg.dep
manje
eat
sa
dem
a.
sg.pro
Se
hl
pou
for
wou
2sg.indp
manje
food
sa
dem
a.
sg.det
You have to eat this. — This food is for you.
French: Tu dois manger ça (= sa a se pou ou manje l). — Ce repas est à toi (= manje sa a (se) pou wou).

Source: Dejean 1982: 12

Example 49-37:
M bliye chante a wi mwen!
M
1sg
bliye
forget
chante
song
a
def
wi
yes
mwen!
1sg
I forgot the song, yes I!
French: J’ai oublié la chanson oui moi!

Source: Fattier 1996a: 231

Example 49-39:
Kiyès sa? Mwen menm?
Kiyès
who
sa?
that
Mwen
1sg
menm?
self
Who? Me?
French: Qui ça? Moi?

Source: Fattier 1995a: 145

Example 49-40:
Ou menm, pa kwè papa w, tande, se jwe l ap jwe.
Ou
2sg
menm,
self
pa
neg
kwè
believe
papa
father
w,
2sg
tande,
understand
se
SE
jwe
play
l
3sg
ap
inacc
jwe.
play
You, don't believe your father, he is only playing around.
French: Toi, ne crois pas ton père, il ne fait que jouer.

Source: Desmarattes 1983: 22

Example 49-36:
Mé sa entèl di m.
this.is
sa
that
entèl
someone
di
say
m.
3sg
This is what someone has told me.
French: Voilà ce qu'untel m'a dit.

Source: Fattier 1996a: 230

Example 49-42:
Kilès k ap frape a? Se mwen.
Kilès
who
k
rel
ap
inacc
frape
knock
a?
def
Se
hl
mwen.
1sg
Who is knocking? It's me.
French: Qui frappe à la porte? C'est moi.

Source: Valdman et al. 2007: 502

Confidence:
Very certain