Datapoint Papiamentu/Comitatives and instrumentals

The preposition ku is used for comitatives (as in Example 141), instrumentals (as in Example 138), and NP coordination. It is also used in more idiomatic combinations, as also illustrated here, in Examples 49 (figurative instrumental), 139 and 140.

Values

Identity

Example 47-141:
Na yegada di e patruya a resultá ku ambulans a bai ku e víktima kaba.
Na
loc
yegada
arrival
di
of
e
def
patruya
patrol
a
pfv
resultá
result
ku
comp
ambulans
ambulance
a
pfv
bai
go
ku
with
e
def
víktima
victim
kaba.
already
On the arrival of the police patrol car, it turned out that the ambulance had already carried off the victim.

Source: Extra: 3 July 2009, p.5

Example 47-138:
Ela tapa su boka ku su man.
El
3sg
a
pfv
tapa
cover
su
poss
boka
mouth
ku
with
su
poss
man.
hand
He covered his mouth with his hand.

Source: Van Putte & García 1990: 189

Example 47-49:
Anochi ela sinta korta e kweru ku su santu pasenshi na repirepi.
Anochi
night
el
3sg
a
pfv
sinta
sit
korta
cut
e
def
kweru
skin
ku
with
su
poss
santu
holy
pasenshi
patience
na
loc
repi~repi.
strip~pl
At night he sat and patiently cut the skin into numerous strips.

Source: Kouwenberg 2003a: 162

Example 47-139:
Mi a bende e outo ku M.
Mi
1sg
a
pfv
bende
sell
e
def
outo
car
ku
with
M.
m
I sold the car to M.

Source: Papiamentu database

Example 47-140:
Omo J a keda mashá kontento mes ku e pòtrèt nan.
Omo
uncle
J
J
a
pfv
keda
remain
mashá
much
kontento
happy
mes
emph
ku
with
e
def
pòtrèt
photo
nan.
pl
Uncle J. is very happy indeed with the pictures.

Source: Papiamentu database

Confidence:
Very certain