Datapoint Bislama/Intensifiers and reflexive pronouns

As the (constructed) Example 140 Selena i luk hem ... shows, there is no distinct set of reflexive pronouns in Bislama (as is true in many Oceanic languages).

It is possible to intensify, or focus on, an argument with several modifiers. The example here shows hem wan (literally 's/he one') but it is also possible to use nao ('now') or nomo ('only') following a pronoun with a similar effect.

Values

No special reflexive pronouns exist

Example 23-140:
Selena i lukum hem long mira
Selena
Selena
i
agr
lukum
look
hem
3sg
long
in
mira
mirror
Selena saw herself in the mirror.
Example 23-139:
hem i se hem wan i kakae
hem
3sg
i
agr
se
say
hem
3sg
wan
one
i
agr
kakae
eat
He said that he (alone) would use it.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-141:
mifala nao we mifala i gat pikinini i stap
mifala
1pl.excl
nao
now
we
comp
mifala
1pl.excl
i
agr
gat
have
pikinini
child
i
agr
stap
stay
Those of us with children, we have to stay.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Confidence:
unspecified