Datapoint Bislama/Nominal and verbal conjunction

The coordinator wetem can be used for nominal conjunction, juxtaposition can be used for verbal conjunction, and mo can be used in both ways. Examples of NP mo NP co-ordination were heard on Vila radio (2008), but it is unknown how widespread this construction is. Mo is very uncommon in the corpus of spoken texts; juxtaposition is by far the preferred option.

Values

Identity and differentiation

Example 23-117:
mi wetem haosgel blong mifala mitufala i traem blong lukaot
mi
1sg
wetem
with
haosgel
house.girl
blong
poss
mifala
1pl.excl
mitufala
1du
i
agr
traem
try
blong
purp
lukaot
look.for
Our housegirl and I tried to find him.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-118:
be man ia i karem masket i stap raed long hos, gel ia i sidaon bihaen
be
but
man
man
ia
def
i
agr
karem
carry
masket
gun
i
agr
stap
prog
raed
ride
long
loc
hos,
horse
gel
girl
ia
def
i
agr
sidaon
sit.down
bihaen
behind
But the man took a gun, he was riding on a horse and the girl sat behind him.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-119:
[...] from mama blong hem i no wantem mo ol nes oli bisi tumas
[...]
[...]
from
because
mama
mother
blong
poss
hem
3sg
i
agr
no
neg
wantem
want
mo
and
ol
pl
nes
nurse
oli
agr
bisi
busy
tumas
very
[...] because her mother didn't want her and the nurses were very busy.

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-120:
Wan kaen grup blong ol sapota we hem i givim plante hedek long ol polis olsem long Mexico World Cup mo World Cup long Italy hem i olgeta blong England.
Wan
one
kaen
kind
grup
group
blong
of
ol
pl
sapota
supporter
we
comp
hem
3sg
i
agr
givim
give
plante
plenty
hedek
headache
long
to
ol
pl
polis
police
olsem
like
long
in
Mexico
Mexico
World
World
Cup
Cup
mo
and
World
World
Cup
Cup
long
in
Italy
Italy
hem
3sg
i
agr
olgeta
3pl
blong
of
England.
England
One type of group of supporters that gave the police plenty of headaches at the Mexico World Cup and the World Cup in Italy was those from England.
Confidence:
Very certain