Datapoint Bislama/Vocative markers

People can call out to each other (though usually they would use a click, see Feature 108) but in the examples, oi and e are not used with address terms.

Values

No vocative marker

Example 23-162:
hem i se "e, yu nao, mama blong yu i stap long nambangga?"
hem
3sg
i
agr
se
say
"e,
hey
yu
2sg
nao,
now/foc
mama
mother
blong
poss
yu
2sg
i
agr
stap
stay
long
in
nambangga?"
banyan
She said "Hey, is it you whose mother is in the banyan tree?"

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Example 23-165:
nakatoa i talem se "oi mi ia"
nakatoa
Nakatoa
i
agr
talem
tell
se
comp
"oi
exclam
mi
1sg
ia"
def
Nakatao said "Hoi, it's me".

Source: Meyerhoff 1994-1995 field recordings

Confidence:
Certain