Datapoint Bahamian Creole/Intensifiers and reflexive pronouns

In intensifier function, self can be used on its own (as in Example 216); it then corresponds to stressed pronunciation (Holm & Shilling 1982: 179) or has a meaning similar to 'even’ or 'alone’.

Values

Intensifiers and reflexives are identical

Example 12-214:
A gentleman actually kill this woman son, and know what she did? She put a egg in one hand and a fork in the next. In his coffin - you now in those days you had the people in the home. ... And you know, she sat in that woman - she talk to that dead. And she tell that dead, say, Now - ..., in six months time everybody will know. And let me tell you something, in six months time, for no apparent reason at all - the gentleman who kill him - the jury found him not guilty - self-defend. Say he was killed in a act of self-defend, because him and his wife - this man and his wife - say they were coming against this guy. And he was found not guilty. And do you know something? That same man what kill him went out and drown himself?
That
dem
same
same
man
man
what
comp
kill
kill[pst]
him
3sg.m.obj
went
go.pfv
out
out
and
and
drown
drown[pfv]
himself?
refl
The man (who had killed the woman’s son) drowned himself?
Example 12-215:
But if - if you - if you get in any accident, you - you got to pay that yourself with your pocket.
[...]
[...]
you
2sg.sbj
got
got
to
to
pay
pay
that
that
yourself
intens
with
with
your
2sg.poss
pocket.
pocket
[...] you have to pay that yourself [...].
Example 12-216:
Now he leave the man self to the roof.
Now
now
he
3sg.m.sbj
leave
leave[pfv]
the
art
man
man
self
refl
to
prep
the
art
roof.
roof
Now he left the man on the roof by himself.

Source: Holm & Shilling 1982: 179

Confidence:
Very certain