Bahamian Creole (locally termed “Dialect”) is spoken by about 250,000 speakers in The Commonwealth of The Bahamas and by an unknown number of speakers constituting a small diaspora community in the United States (Florida). It may be classified as an “intermediate creole” (Winford 1992: 314) with close historical links with Gullah (Hackert & Huber 2007). The variety described in APiCS (default lect) is urban Bahamian Creole as currently spoken in the capital, Nassau. Even though Bahamians themselves often claim that “Nassau people don’t speak the Dialect,” this variety must be considered most representative of the creole at large, as roughly two thirds of all Bahamians now reside in Nassau. The data were recorded by myself in sociolinguistic interviews with mostly working-class speakers in the late 1990s. I also elicited a number of examples from five highly educated bidialectal speakers with the help of Dahl’s tense-mood-aspect questionnaire (1985). Finally, I drew on Holm & Shilling (1982).
|trill, tap or flap||r||ɾ|
|ɹ||voiced dental/alveolar approximant - Exists (as a major allophone)|
|ɜ||lower mid central unrounded vowel - Exists (as a major allophone)|
|Exists (as a major allophone)|
|Exists only as a minor allophone|
|Exists only in loanwords|
|Does not exist|