55 Ability verb and epistemic possibility

This feature is described more fully in chapter 55.


In this feature, we ask whether epistemic possibility (”perhaps, possibly”) can be expressed by the same verb as ability. This is the case in quite a few languages, e.g. German kann: Er kann morgen kommen (i) (ability) ‘He can come tomorrow’, (ii) (epistemic possibility) ‘He will possibly come tomorrow’. But in many other languages, this is not the case.

By ability, we refer broadly to various non-epistemic possibility types comprising mental participant-internal ability (French savoir: Il sait nager ‘He can swim’), physical participant-internal ability (”He can lift 100 kilos”), and participant-external possibility (”She can go to town by bus”, i.e. because there is a bus connection). (Note that this excludes permission, as in “You may leave now.”)


Philippe Maurer and the APiCS Consortium


Ability verb also expresses epistemic possibility32
Ability verb cannot express epistemic possibility41
No ability verb2

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details