Structure dataset 50: Guadeloupean Creole

This language is described more fully in survey chapter 50.

Guadeloupean Creole is spoken by some 400,000 people in Guadeloupe, and approximately 200,000 diaspora speakers mainly established in France, French Guiana, Montreal and Panama. Guadeloupean Creole is widely spoken throughout the different islands of the archipelago and is used in a variety of situations, ranging from the less to the more formal. Although it is not systematically used in formal speech situations, the use of the language has been increasing since the identity claim movement that grew in the 1980s, to the extent that the local authorities are now designing a set of measures to promote and enhance the use of Creole in all spheres of activity of the Guadeloupean society. The default lect for Guadeloupean Creole represented in the Atlas is a quite homogeneous variety spoken by 30-60 year old speakers and is close to the basilect. Most examples are constructed by the authors (Serge Colot being a native speaker), and some examples are from written sources taken from the most up-to-date body of scientific literature available on the Lesser Antillean Creoles.

No. Feature Value lect Details Source
No. Feature Value lect Details Source


Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
Retroflex Alveolo-
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d c ɟ k g
Sibilant affricate
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s z ʃ ʒ
Non-sibilant fricative f v ɣ h
Approximant l j
Flap or tap
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open ihigh front unrounded vowel yhigh front rounded vowel uhigh back rounded vowel ehigher mid front unrounded vowel øhigher mid front rounded oral vowel ohigher mid back rounded vowel ɛlower mid front unrounded vowel œlower mid front rounded oral vowel ɛ̃nasalized lower mid front unrounded vowel œ̃nasalized lower mid front rounded vowel ɔlower mid back rounded vowel ɔ̃nasalized lower mid back rounded vowel alow central unrounded vowel nasalized low central unrounded vowel

Special segments

Other segments
 w  voiced labial-velar glide
 ɥ  voiced labiopalatal glide


       Exists (as a major allophone)
       Exists only as a minor allophone
       Exists only in loanwords
No. Feature Value lect Details Source