Cape Verdean Creole of Brava

Cape Verdean Creole is spoken in Cape Verde on nine inhabited islands, including Brava, Fogo, Santiago and Maio to the South and Santo Antão, São Vicente, São Nicolau, Boa Vista, and Sal to the North. The Brava lect is spoken by about 6000 speakers on the smallest, most densely populated island. The default lect that we chose for description in APiCS is representative of the basilectal variety and is illustrated mostly by field work data collected in the towns of Furna, Cachaço and Nova Sintra.

No. Feature Value % Details Source
No. Feature Value % Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % Details Source