Datapoint Belizean Creole/Present reference of stative verbs and past perfective reference of dynamic verbs

Although there are some examples where unmarked dynamic verbs have present reference (see Example 101: a taak 'I'm talking about'), it is more frequent to find unmarked dynamic verbs with past (perfective) reference.

Unmarked dynamic verbs may also refer to present tense when their function is habitual/generic.

Values

Stative verbs with present reference and dynamic verbs with past perfective reference are both unmarked

Example 9-50:
Dey no wan du it.
Dey
3pl
no
neg
wan
want
du
do
it.
it
They don't want to do it.

Source: Escure's 1992 materials

Example 9-79:
Bad tiŋ hapn̩.
Bad
bad
tiŋ
thing
hapn̩.
happen
Bad things happen.

Source: Escure's 1980s materials: 43

Example 9-98:
I hapn dat i hia bawt wan ledi.
I
it
hapn
happen
dat
that
i
he
hia
hear
bawt
about
wan
a
ledi.
lady
It so happened that he heard about a lady.

Source: Escure 2004: 531

Example 9-99:
Wok di yoŋ wuman dey no wan du it.
Wok
work
di
the
yoŋ
young
wuman
women
dey
3pl
no
neg
wan
want
du
do
it.
it
The young women don't want to work.

Source: Escure's 1992 materials

Example 9-100:
A fayn di bɛs rowp.
A
1sg
fayn
find
di
the
bɛs
best
rowp.
rope
I found the best rope.

Source: Escure 1983a: 34

Example 9-101:
Yu now wat a taak.
Yu
you
now
know
wat
what
a
I
taak.
talk
You know what I'm saying.

Source: Escure 1997: 114

Example 9-102:
wan nɛks wan we a rimemba
wan
a
nɛks
next
wan
one
we
rel
a
I
rimemba
remember
another that I remember

Source: Escure 1993a: 240

Example 9-103:
Owaz kom now dat dem mos go ʃo taym fu go sho.
Owaz
hours
kom
come
now
now
dat
that
dem
3pl
mos
must
go
go
ʃo
shore
taym
time
fu
for
go
go
sho.
shore
Hours go by so that they must go ashore, it's time to go ashore.

Source: Escure 2004: CD

Confidence:
Certain