With regard to Value 1, the only source I have found any reference to this value in is Allsopp (1996: 432). Allsopp labels the word pass 'more than, (hence) very' as a comparative marker and includes Jamaica as one of the Anglophone Caribbean territories in which it is used. However, his example is more akin to an intensifier than a comparative marker. I am not aware of Surpass marking being used for comparative in Jamaican. This feature probably needs further historical work.