Datapoint Michif/Noun phrase conjunction and comitative

Two NPs can be conjoined with the element pi (French puis), eekwa (Cree: 'and, now') or miina (Cree: 'also').
The preposition avek/avik is used for comitative. A separate phrase with the verb peeshaw 'to bring' is also used, roughly '... and X came along' / 'I brought X'.

Values

Differentiation

Example 75-176:
Zhaan kiipeetuhteew avek omaamaa(wa) / omaamaawa.
Zhaan
John
kii-pee-tuhtee-w
pst-TOWARDS.SPEAKER-go-3sg
avek
with
o-maamaa
3.poss-mother
/
 
o-maamaa-wa.
3.poss-mother-obv
John came with his mother.

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-177:
Zhan dan lii muuvii kiituhteew pi peeshaaweew Maari.
Zhan
John
dan
prep.loc
lii
art.pl
muuvii
movie
kii-tuhtee-w
pst-go-3
pi
and
peeshaaw-eew
bring.anim-3.sbj.3.obj
Maari.
Mary
John went to the movies with Mary. OR: John went to the movies and he brought Mary.

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-178:
Wiichimaentaweemaenw.
Wiichi-meetawee-m-eew.
together.with-play-tr-3.sbj.3.obj
He plays (together) with him.

Source: Laverdure & Allard 1983: 232

Example 75-179:
Taapwee awena chipamihaat eekwa ohi la kariol pi lii zhvoo.
Taapwee
really
awena
who
chi-pamih-aat
comp.fut-drive.anim-3.sbj.3.obj
eekwa
now
ohi
dem.prox.obv
la
def.art.f.sg
kariol
carriage
pi
and
lii
art.pl
zhvoo.
horse.pl
Really, who was now going to drive this carriage and the horses?

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-180:
li praens pi sii servan
li
def.art.m.sg
praens
prince
pi
and
sii
poss.3pl
servan
servant
the prince and his servants

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-181:
lii zhvooo [...] avek lii boo harnwe miina lii boo zartelaazh
lii
art.pl
zhvooo
horse.pl
[...]
[...]
avek
with
lii
art.pl
boo
beautiful.m
harnwe
harness
miina
also
lii
art.pl
boo
beautiful.m
zartelaazh
bridle
horses [...] with good harnesses as well as good bridles

Source: Fleury 2007

Example 75-182:
Pi li rwe eekwa la renn iteewak.
Pi
then/and
li
def.art.m.sg
rwe
king
eekwa
and
la
def.art.f.sg
renn
queen
it-eew-ak.
say.tr-3.sbj.3.obj-pl
And the King and the Queen said to him:

Source: Fleury 2007

Confidence:
Very certain