Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Instrumental expressions

Instruments are expressed in Gurindji Kriol using a proprietive suffix -yawung, -jawung which is derived from Gurindji. More rarely a Kriol preposition garram, gat is used by younger speakers.

Values

Case marker Frequency: 90.0%

Example 72-100:
Marlukama dei bin kilim pangkily kurrupartuyawung.
Marluka-ma
old.man-disc
dei
3pl.sbj
bin
pst
kil-im
hit-tr
pangkily
hit.head
kurrupartu-yawung.
boomerang-prop
The old man, they hit on the head with a boomerang.

Source: Meakins 2007: 390

Confidence:
Very certain

Adposition Frequency: 10.0%

Example 72-101:
Deim kilim wan marluka gat kurrupartu.
Dei-m
3pl.sbj-prs
kil-im
hit-tr
wan
one
marluka
old.man
gat
prop
kurrupartu.
boomerang
They hit one old man with a boomerang.

Source: Meakins 2007: 390

Confidence:
Very certain