Datapoint Gurindji Kriol/Aspect markers and inchoative meaning

Gurindji Kriol has a dedicated inchoative marker.
The meaning associated with the Gurindji-derived inchoative morphemes -k and -pijik is either causal or they indicate a change of state. They attach to a noun or verb to create a reduced subordinate clause.

Values

No inchoative meaning with aspect markers

Example 72-82:
Wulngarntu im meltimat ais ngawapijik.
Wulngarn-tu
sun-erg
im
3sg
melt-im-at
melt-tr-out
ais
ice
ngawa-pijik.
water-inc
The sun, it melts the ice, and turns it into water.

Source: Meakins 2007: 392

Example 72-83:
Karntingku turrp im futta lungkarrak.
Karnti-ngku
stick-erg
turrp
poke
im
3sg
fut-ta
foot-loc
lungkarra-k.
cry-inc
He trod on a stick, which made him cry. (lit: The stick pokes him in the foot and makes him cry.)

Source: Meakins 2007: 392

Confidence:
Very certain