Datapoint Vincentian Creole/Functions of reduplication

Reduplication can be lexical, in which case adjectives and adverbs are intensified by juxtaposed repetition. Verbs can also be intensified by reduplication, but the morpheme an is interposed before the repetition of the verb. Nouns are not usually pluralized by simple reduplication. It is common, however, for lengths of time (months etc.) to be pluralized using the marker s/z and repeated. In this case the coordinator must be present (e.g. monts an monts).

Values

Only iconic functions

Example 7-71:
a wikid wikid man
a
indf
wikid~wikid
wicked~wicked
man
man
a very wicked/cruel man

Source: Prescod 2004: 137

Example 7-72:
Shi baal shi baal.
Shi
3sg
baal
bawl
shi
3sg
baal.
bawl
She cried a lot.
Example 7-63:
yeiz an yeiz
yei-z
year-pl
an
and
yei-z
year-pl
for many years

Source: Prescod 2004: 185

Example 7-74:
Dem duhz waak bruhk uhp bruhk uhp.
Dem
3pl
duhz
hab
waak
walk
bruhk
broke
uhp
up
bruhk
broke
uhp.
up
They walk very unsteadily.
Example 7-73:
deiz an deiz
dei-z
day-pl
an
and
dei-z
day-pl
many days

Source: Prescod 2004: 185

Confidence:
Very certain