Datapoint Juba Arabic/Complementizer with verbs of speaking

The verb kélim 'speak' is always followed by the complementizer gále 'say' introducing direct speech, but sometimes it can also introduce the indirect speech. Not all verbs of speaking are followed by the complementizer gále: tálabu or ásalu 'ask' behave like déru 'want', so they are followed by the verb kelí 'let' (see Example 191). Obviously the complemetizer is not used either when gále is used as verb of speaking in a sentence:
úo gále úo kan ázu bakʃíʃ to [3SG say 3SG ANT want tip-POSS.3SG]
'He said that he wanted his tip.' (Manfredi 2005: 191)

Values

Complementizer identical to bare ‘say’ Frequency: 80.0%

Example 64-190:
úo kélem gále úo bija
úo
3sg
kélem
speak
gále
say
úo
3sg
bi=ja
irr=come
He said that he would come.

Source: Miller 2001: 470

Example 64-28:
úmon gále íta gerówa ámulu ʃenú wa ána kélim galé ánna kan gerówa iʃtéri bagarát
úmon
3pl
gále
say
íta
2sg
ge=rówa
prog=go
ámulu
do
ʃenú
what
wa
and
ána
1sg
kélim
speak
galé
say
ánna
1pl
kan
ant
ge=rówa
prog=go
iʃtéri
buy
bagar-át
cow-pl
They said: What are you going to do? And I answered that we were going to buy some cows.

Source: Manfredi 2005: 192

Example 64-191:
ána biásalu mara tai kelí rákabu samága de
ána
1sg
bi=ásalu
irr=ask
mara
women
tai
poss.1sg
kelí
let
rákabu
cook
samága
fish
de
dem.prox
I ask my wife to cook the fish.

Source: Miller 2001: 469

Example 64-192:
yesúa kélim le úo gale ya zakéo
yesúa
Jesus
kélim
speak
le
to
úo
3sg
gale
comp
ya
voc
zakéo
Zaccheus
Jesus told him: Oh Zaccheus!

Source: Manfredi 2005: 192

Confidence:
Very certain

No complementizer Frequency: 20.0%

Example 64-238:
úo gále úo kan ázu bakʃíʃ to
úo
3sg
gále
say
úo
3sg
kan
ant
ázu
want
bakʃíʃ
tip
to
poss.3sg
He said that he wanted his tip.
Confidence:
Intermediate