Datapoint Louisiana Creole/Co-occurrence of demonstrative and definite article

In the singular, the definite article can only occur with the demonstrative when the noun is feminine. It is however not obligatory. In the plural, preposed le is obligatory when the noun is animate.

Note that in the Old lect (represented by 19th-century texts), we analyze preposed la as a definite article when the noun it precedes is also followed by a demonstrative determiner. In the default lect, however, preposed la is analyzed as a definite article when the noun is followed by a demonstrative determiner. The difference in analysis is due to the fact that agglutination is more pervasive in 19th-century texts and preposed singular definite articles are virtually absent, whereas (presumably through decreolization), preposed definite articles are common in modern-day Louisiana Creole.

Values

No co-occurrence Frequency: 60.0%

Example 53-114:
Eou twa to tandé parle pou dons-sa-la?
Eou
where
twa
2sg
to
2sg
tandé
hear
parle
speak
pou
for
dons
dance
sala?
det.dem
Where did you hear about the dance?

Source: Neumann 1985: 135

Example 53-112:
Komon to lenm gonbo-sa-la?
Komon
how
to
2sg
lenm
like
gonbo
gumbo
sala?
det.dem
How do you like this gumbo?

Source: Neumann 1985: 135

Confidence:
Certain

Co-occurrence Frequency: 40.0%

Example 53-116:
M a seye fer la kours-sa-la avek twa kamem.
M
1sg
a
fut
seye
try
fer
do
la
art.def
kours
race
sala
det.dem
avek
with
twa
2sg
kamem.
all.the.same
I'll try to run the race with you anyway.
French: J'essayerai quand même de courir avec toi.

Source: Neumann 1985: 135

Example 53-115:
le moun-sa-la
le
art.def.pl
moun
person
sala
det.dem
these people

Source: Neumann 1985: 136

Confidence:
Certain