Datapoint Creolese/Marking of possessor noun phrases

The construction illustrated in Example in 68 is very widespread. By contrast, the construction in Example 4 is marginal, restricted to use amongst older people of South Asian/Indian origin, as a result of transference of the morpheme /ke/ from Bhojpuri.

Values

No marking Frequency: 50.0%

Example 5-2:
kostomo gyal chirin
kostomo
customer
gyal
girl
chirin
children
customers' daughters OR: daughters of customers

Source: Rickford 1987: 180 (line 736)

Confidence:
Very certain

Adpositional or case marking of possessor Frequency: 50.0%

Example 5-68:
di kova fo di pat laas
di
def
kova
cover
fo
poss
di
def
pat
pot
laas
lose
The pot cover is lost.

Source: Rickford 1987

Example 5-4:
stoov ke tap
stoov
stove
ke
poss
tap
top
top of stove

Source: Rickford 1987: 68

Confidence:
Very certain