Datapoint Papiamentu/Nominal and verbal conjunction

See Feature 71 "Noun phrase conjunction and comitative". Note that while nominal and verbal expressions can be conjoined by i 'and' or ku 'with', clause conjunction requires i 'and'.

Values

Identity, overtly expressed

Example 47-144:
Nos ta kanta i balia.
Nos
1pl
ta
tns
kanta
sing
i
and
balia.
dance
[Sometimes] we sing and [sometimes] we dance.

Source: Kouwenberg 2007d: 328

Example 47-145:
Nos ta kanta ku balia.
Nos
1pl
ta
tns
kanta
sing
ku
with
balia.
dance
We sing and dance [simultaneously].

Source: Kouwenberg 2007d: 328

Example 47-142:
Ela kumpra pan i keshi.
El
3sg
a
pfv
kumpra
buy
pan
bread
i
and
keshi.
cheese
He bought bread and cheese.

Source: Muller 1989b: 472

Example 47-143:
Ela kumpra pan ku keshi.
El
3sg
a
pfv
kumpra
buy
pan
bread
ku
with
keshi.
cheese
He bought a cheese sandwich. OR: He bought bread and cheese

Source: Muller 1989b: 472

Example 47-146:
Mi ta atmirá e strea nan i mi ta bai den manera un soño, ku mi wowo nan habrí.
Mi
1sg
ta
tns
atmirá
admire
e
def
strea
star
nan
pl
i
and
mi
1sg
ta
tns
bai
go
den
in
manera
like
un
indf
soño,
dream
ku
with
mi
1sg
wowo
eye
nan
pl
habrí.
opened
I admire the stars and (it is) as if I enter a dream with my eyes open.

Source: Kouwenberg & Murray 1994: 54

Confidence:
Very certain