Datapoint Diu Indo-Portuguese/Uses of the progressive marker

Marking progressive aspect is one of the functions of the imperfective auxiliaries te/ and tiŋ, Non-past and Past respectively. More often than not, habitual actions involve the operation of the imperfective auxiliaries.

In general, stative verbs do not admit imperfective marking. The most notable exception is that of fika, which, in a locative construction, means both 'to stay' and 'to dwell'; crucially, in its latter sense, fika can occur both with or without the imperfective auxiliary. As of yet, it is not clear whether instances of imperfective-marked fika 'to dwell' truly imply an expectation of temporariness.

Values

Progressive, habitual, and current state

Example 39-61:
Nɔs tə kume ku mãw.
Nɔs
1pl
ipfv.npst
kum-e
eat-inf
ku
ins
mãw.
hand/arm
We are eating with our hand(s).

Source: Cardoso 2009: 186

Example 39-1:
Ryan tə lãbe biskit.
Ryan
Ryan
ipfv.npst
lãb-e
lick-inf
biskit.
biscuit
Ryan is licking the biscuit.

Source: Cardoso 2004-2008

Example 39-92:
Nɔs tə fika nə Diw.
Nɔs
1pl
ipfv.npst
fik-a
stay-inf
loc
Diw.
Diu
We live in Diu.

Source: Cardoso 2004-2008

Example 39-91:
El tə bebe sɔ leyt, nə.
El
3
ipfv.npst
beb-e
drink-inf
only
leyt,
milk
nə.
req
He drinks nothing but milk, you see.

Source: Cardoso 2004-2008

Confidence:
Intermediate