Datapoint Diu Indo-Portuguese/Pronominal and adnominal demonstratives

Pronominal and adnominal demonstratives (proximal and distal) are formally equivalent. As far as the distal demonstrative is concerned, the only possible difference between the adnominal and pronominal forms is that the former may be phonologically reduced from ikəl to kəl; this is however a reflection of the two forms' different prosodic prominence in the clause, and does not therefore suggest a lexical split.

Values

Same forms

Example 39-67:
Ikəl ɛ mĩ kaz.
Ikəl
dem
ɛ
cop.npst
mĩ
1sg.poss
kaz.
house
That is my house.
Example 39-68:
Ikəl blue colour kaz nã tə apərse?
Ikəl
dist
<blue
blue
colour>
colour
kaz
house
neg
ipfv.npst
apərs-e?
show-inf
Do you see that blue house over there (lit. Isn't that blue colour house showing)?

Source: Cardoso 2004-2008

Example 39-15:
Es tud rəkri tud ε də moyrmoyr.
Es
dem
tud
all
rəkri
food.stall
tud
all
ε
cop.npst
of
moyr~moyr.
Muslim~Muslim
All these food stalls belong to Muslims.

Source: Cardoso 2009: 120

Example 39-69:
Es tira fɔr, nə?
Es
dem
tir-a
take-inf
fɔr,
out
nə?
req
(I'll) remove this, you see?

Source: Cardoso 2004-2008

Confidence:
Certain