Datapoint Principense/Occurrence of nominal plural markers

With human nouns, the plural marker ine is used only if the noun phrase is definite, not if it is indefinite (cf. Example 34). It does not have to be overtly definite (cf. Example 33, where the definiteness is not overt).

With inanimate nouns, the noun phrase must be overtly definite, for instance using the demonstrative determiner 'this', as in Example 35. Without , Example 35 would be incorrect.

Values

Variable plural marking of human or inanimate nouns

Example 37-33:
Ine manse vika [...].
Ine
pl
manse
man
vika
come
[...].
[...]
The men arrived [...].

Source: Maurer 2009: 31

Example 37-34:
[...] arê vya manda sodadi.
[...]
[...]
arê
king
vya
rep
manda
send
sodadi.
soldier
[...] the king sent soldiers again.

Source: Maurer 2009: 184

Example 37-35:
Ine laanza ki s'usan ê bôn fa.
Ine
pl
laanza
orange
dem
ki
rel
sa
be
usan
ground
ê
3sg
bôn
good
fa.
neg
The oranges that are on the ground are not good.

Source: Maurer 2009: 31

Example 37-36:
Ê tan laanza we ki sê.
Ê
3sg
tan
take
laanza
orange
we
go
ki
poss
sê.
poss.3sg
He left with oranges. OR: He took oranges and left.
Confidence:
Very certain