Datapoint Cape Verdean Creole of Santiago/Urban/rural variation: phonology

There is a constant population move from the rural areas to the city of Praia. And there is a considerable amount of commuters between the countryside and the town (peasants, mainly female, selling their products on the market; younsters, attending school in town; etc.). The urban-rural differences thus function simultaniously as social differences within the town. Accordingly, we have more basilectal styles, spoken in the rural areas and by lower class people in the town, and more acrolectal styles, spoken by upper class people in the town. In acrolectal styles, the intervocalic dental-alveolar sibilant is, for instance, voiced or voiceless, according to its pronunciation in the corresponding Portuguese word. In basilectal styles, it is always voiceless, etc.



Very certain