Datapoint Afrikaans/Tense-aspect systems

There is some aspect in Afrikaans - cf. the "aan die", "besig om te" and "hou aan" progressives. Further, Afrikaans also makes use of adverbs like "klaar" ("finished") and "heeltyd" ("whole-time", i.e. all the time) to express perfective and iterative aspect.

Values

Purely temporal system

Example 29-92:
Hy weier dit.
Hy
3sg.m.nom
weier
refuse
dit.
3sg.n
He refuses it.
Example 29-93:
Hy het dit geweier.
Hy
3sg.m.nom
het
pst
dit
3sg.n
ge-weier.
ptcp-refuse
He refused it. OR: He has refused it.
Example 29-95:
Hy het dit klaar gelees. vs. Hy het dit gelees (maar nie klaar nie).
Hy
3sg.m
het
aux
dit
3sg.n
klaar
finished
gelees.
ptcp.read
vs.
vs.
Hy
3sg.m
het
aux
dit
3sg.n
gelees
ptcp.read
(maar
(but
nie
not
klaar
finished
nie).
neg)
He has finished reading it. / He finished reading it vs. He has read it. / He read it (but not completely).
Example 29-96:
Sy skop heeltyd teen die stoel. vs. Sy het heeltyd teen die stoel geskop.
Sy
3sg.f.nom
skop
kicks
heeltyd
whole.time
teen
against
die
def.art
stoel.
chair
vs.
vs.
Sy
3sg.f.nom
het
aux
heeltyd
whole.time
teen
against
die
the
stoel
chair
geskop.
ptcp.kicked
She keeps kicking against the chair. vs. She was continually kicking against the chair.
Example 29-94:
Hy sal dit weier.
Hy
3sg.m
sal
fut
dit
it
weier.
refuse
He will refuse it.
Confidence:
Very certain