Datapoint Berbice Dutch/Subject relative clauses

The appearance of a resumptive pronoun in relative clauses is unusual, and informants' judgements on these constructions were inconsistent.

Values

Relative particle and gap Frequency: 53.8%

Example 28-148:
di jɛrmatoko wat jɛnda birbiʃi, ori da də laʃtijɛ
di
the
jɛrma-toko
woman-child
wati
rel
jɛn-da
be-there
birbiʃi,
Berbice
ori
3sg
da
cop
di
the
laʃti-jɛ
last-nmlz
The daughter who lives on the Berbice River, she is the last one.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 370

Confidence:
Very certain

Relative particle and resumptive pronoun Frequency: 23.1%

Example 28-149:
en juŋman wato mutɛ fan diskandi wɛr
en
one
jungu-man
young-man
wati
rel
o
3sg
mu-tɛ
go-pfv
fan
from
diʃi-kandi
this-side
wɛrɛ
again
a young man who came from overhere too

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 371

Confidence:
Uncertain

Zero and gap Frequency: 23.1%

Example 28-124:
di wa da en man ha ʃi jɛrma
di
this
wa
pst
da
cop
en
one
man
man
ha
have
ʃi
3sg.poss
jɛrma
woman
This was a man (who) had his wife (i.e. who was married).

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 377

Confidence:
Very certain