Datapoint Berbice Dutch/Inclusive/exclusive distinction in independent personal pronouns

Whether the reference of the 1PL pronoun in inclusive or exclusive is largely determined by context. The addition of the numeral two can make an inclusive reference explicit. In Example 36, the reference is exclusive. In Example 37, the reference is intended to be inclusive, and is marked as such by the addition of twe 'two'.

Values

No inclusive/exclusive distinction

Example 28-36:
ju ma sɛtɛ ma horo wat enʃi ma futɛlɛ
ju
2sg
ma
irr
sɛtɛ
sit
ma
irr
horo
hear
wati
rel
enʃi
1pl
ma
irr
futɛlɛ
speak
You will sit down (and) hear what we are going to tell.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 590

Example 28-37:
ə bi datə, ɛni titi ju kriktɛ gutu da iʃ twejɛ ju nintɛ
o
3sg
bi
say
dati,
comp
ɛni
any
titi
time
ju
2sg
kriki-tɛ
get-prf
gutu
thing
da
cop
iʃi
1pl
twe-jɛ
two-nmlz
ju
2sg
nimi-tɛ
know-prf
He said that, any time you get something, (it) belongs to the two of us you know.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 176

Confidence:
Very certain