Datapoint Berbice Dutch/Position of standard negation

Standard negation is clause-final. Where the main verb takes a complement clause, absolute clause-final position is frequently ambiguous, as illustrated here. Such cases may be disambiguated in one of two ways: First, by the presence of perfective aspect. Because of its unacceptability under negation, its presence signals a failure of negation to scope over the proposition that contains it. Second, right-dislocation of an embedded proposition places it overtly outside the scope of negation.

Values

After verb plus postverbal object

Example 28-175:
aʃu pamen kɛnau, dɛn ju kan krik di boka
aʃi
if
ju
2sg
pama
tell
en
one
kɛnɛ
person
nau,
now
dɛn
then
ju
2sg
kan
can
kriki
get
di
the
boki
money
ka
neg
If you tell anybody, then you can't get the money.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994b: 239

Example 28-176:
ɛkɛ suku mu titi ori jɛnda ka
ɛkɛ
1sg
suku
want
mu
go
titi
time
ori
3sg
jɛn-da
be-there
ka
neg
I don't want to go when he is not there. OR: I want to go when he is not there; I don't want to go when he is there.

Source: Kouwenberg 2000: 896

Example 28-177:
ɛk wa noiti nika, solok bɛr kɛk di sa hapn
ɛkɛ
1sg
wa
pst
noiti
never
nimi
know
ka,
neg
soloko
such
bɛrɛ
story
kɛkɛ
like
di
this
sa
irr
hapn
happen
I never knew such things could happen.

Source: Kouwenberg 1994a: 88

Confidence:
Very certain