Datapoint Kriol/Predicative possession

The marker got~gotim~garram occurring in predicative possessive clauses is regarded as a verb here. Note that Hudson (1985: 92–93) identifies the form garra(m) with the instrumental/comitative preposition and treats these as verbless clauses. In most examples, the transitive marker -(i)m is found on the verb but not on the preposition, but admittedly there is some overlap. Additional evidence comes from examples like Example 290 – prepositions are not stranded in Kriol, but the object can be in a non-adjacent position to the verb in a focus construction.

Values

Transitive

Example 25-290:
Septibin yu gotim?
Septibin
safety.pin
yu
2sg
got-im?
have-tr
Do you have a safety pin?
Example 25-292:
Ei imiyu, yu gadim eni mejik?
Ei
hey
imiyu,
Emu
yu
2sg
gad-im
have-tr
eni
any
mejik?
magic
Hey Emu, do you have any magic?

Source: Brennan 1993: 12

Example 25-291:
"Yu got no bilij", imin tok lagijat.
"Yu
2sg
got
have
no
no
bilij",
ashes
im=in
3sg=pst
tok
speak
lagijat.
like.that
"You've got no ashes", she said.
Example 25-239:
Wal dudei wi laki, yu no. Wi garrim faiya.
Wal
well
dudei
today
wi
1pl
laki,
lucky
yu
2sg
no.
know
Wi
1pl
garr-im
have-tr
faiya.
fire
Well today we're lucky, you know. We have fire.

Source: Sandefur & Sandefur 1982: 61

Confidence:
Certain