Datapoint Tok Pisin/The prohibitive

Value 1 occurs, but is rare. Much more common is the use of the negated permissive marker no ken (see Example 102) or the use of the prohibitive maski.

Values

Normal imperative construction and special negator Frequency: 87.5%

Example 22-99:
Maski givim long Margaret.
Maski
neg.imp
givim
give
long
prep
Margaret.
Margaret
Don't give it to Margaret.

Source: GUTP Corpus

Example 22-98:
Maski paitim bal long han [...].
Maski
proh
pait-im
hit-tr
bal
ball
long
with
han
hand
[...].
[...]
Don't hit the ball with your hand [...].

Source: Verhaar 1995: 43

Example 22-101:
Maski kam insait.
Maski
neg.imp
kam
come
insait.
inside
Do not enter.
Example 22-102:
Yu no ken mauswara, poro.
Yu
2sg
no
neg
ken
perm
mauswara,
talk.nonsense
poro.
mate
Don't talk nonsense, mate.

Source: Verhaar 1995: 326

Confidence:
Certain

Normal imperative construction and normal negator Frequency: 12.5%

Example 22-97:
Yu no wokabaut.
Yu
2sg
no
neg
wokabaut.
walk
Don't walk.

Source: Verhaar 1995: 330

Example 22-103:
Yu kam long fran na mipela go lo baksait.
Yu
2sg
kam
come
long
prep
fran
front
na
and
mipela
1pl.excl
go
go
lo
prep
baksait.
back
Come to the front and we'll go to the back.

Source: GUTP Corpus

Example 22-100:
Em i no wokabaut.
Em
3sg
i
pm
no
neg
wokabaut.
walk
He is not walking.
Confidence:
Certain