Datapoint Chinese Pidgin English/Noun phrase conjunction and comitative

Long is used as a comitative preposition and as a conjunction, like Cantonese tung4; and is used for NP conjunction in English sources only, whereas Chinese sources as represented by Tong (1862) generally use juxtaposition.

Values

Overlap

Example 20-72:
希郎希米其拍拿
He long he makee partner.
He
3sg
long
com
he
3sg
makee
make
partner.
partner
He joins him in partnership.

Source: Tong 1862: IV.69

Example 20-97:
米郎㕭哥思希
My long you go see he.
My
1sg
long
com
you
2sg
go
go
see
see
he.
3sg
We will go together to have an interview.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.79

Example 20-98:
He hap five piece chiloh, - three piece bull chiloh, and two piece cow chiloh.
He
3sg
hap
has
five
five
piece
clf
chiloh,
child
-
 
three
three
piece
clf
bull
bull
chiloh,
child
and
and
two
two
piece
clf
cow
cow
chiloh.
child
He has five children: three boys and two girls.

Source: Holman 1834: 110

Example 20-59:
希郎温毡地文託其
He long one gentleman talkee.
He
3sg
long
com
one
art.indf
gentleman
gentleman
talkee.
talk
He is talking with a gentleman.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.39

Confidence:
Certain