Datapoint Chinese Pidgin English/Negation and tense, aspect, and mood marking

In Chinese sources hap does not combine with no, just as in Cantonese yáuh meaning 'have' does not combine with negation (a suppletive form, móuh is used).

Values

Reduced TAM marking in negated clauses

Example 20-60:
挨糯托記騷
I no talkee so.
I
1sg
no
neg
talkee
talk
so.
so
I did not say so.

Source: Tong 1862: IV.49

Example 20-61:
米温卑時文哪(口件)都
My one piecee man no can do.
My
1sg
one
one
piecee
clf
man
man
no
neg
can
can
do.
do
I can't do it myself.

Source: Tong 1862: VI.67

Example 20-37:
撻其洛哈士搭
That clock hap stop.
That
det
clock
clock
hap
pfv
stop.
stop
The clock has stopped.

Source: Tong 1862: IV.51

Confidence:
Intermediate